Summary: European investors can easily invest in U.S. Treasuries via regulated brokerages that offer Treasury ETFs, giving you a way to diversify your portfolio with secure, U.S.-backed assets. Our recommended platform for this is eToro, known for its industry-leading trading fees and a user base of over 30 million. The regulated brokerage offers a wide range of popular treasuries like the iShares TLT, SPDR, BIL and many others.

Best Platform for US Treasuries in Europe
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Can I Invest in US Treasuries in Europe?

Yes, European investors can invest in U.S. Treasuries without having to cross the Atlantic. Regulated stock brokerage platforms available in Europe offer Treasury ETFs, which are financial instruments pegged to U.S. government bonds. By investing in these ETFs, you get exposure to a range of U.S. Treasury bonds with varying durations, allowing you to diversify your portfolio while enjoying the security of U.S.-backed assets.

How to Buy US Treasuries in Europe

From our experience, one of the most convenient and secure methods to invest in U.S. Treasuries while residing in Europe is through a reputable, regulated broker like eToro. With a user base of over 30 million investors and industry-leading trading fees, eToro offers an array of U.S. Treasury ETFs, including popular options like SPDR, BIL, and TLT. 

Here's a simple four-step guide to help you get started:

  1. Open an Account: Visit eToro's website to register. You'll need to provide basic information and complete an identity verification.
  2. Fund Your Account: After setup, fund your account using options like bank transfers, credit cards, or PayPal.
  3. Research U.S. Treasury ETFs: Use eToro's tools to explore U.S. Treasury ETF options such as SPDR, BIL, and TLT, focusing on risk and yield that match your goals.
  4. Make the Investment: Once you've chosen an ETF, click 'Buy' and customize your order by selecting the number of shares or setting up risk management options like stop-loss or take-profit orders.

By following these steps, you'll not only gain exposure to U.S. Treasuries but also make a well-informed investment decision leveraging the right educational tools.

Buy US Treasuries in Europe
Purchasing the iShares 20+ US Treasury (TLT).

US Treasury Fees

When investing in U.S. Treasuries via ETFs, understanding the fee structure is crucial for making an informed investment decision. There are primarily two types of fees you should be aware of:

  1. Expense Ratio: This annual fee is a percentage of your investment, usually ranging from 0.1% to 0.5% for most U.S. Treasury ETFs. This fee is automatically deducted from your investment.
  2. Transaction Fees: Depending on the brokerage you use, you may incur a cost for buying or selling shares of the ETF. Some platforms offer zero commission on trades, but others may charge a flat fee or a percentage of the transaction.
  3. Bid-Ask Spread: The difference between the price at which you can buy a share (ask) and the price at which you can sell it (bid) could be a hidden cost. While usually minimal, it's more significant for less liquid ETFs.
  4. Management Fees: Some specialized Treasury ETFs may also have fees for active portfolio management, though these are generally rare for Treasury ETFs, which are often passively managed.
  5. Currency Conversion Fees: For European investors, there may be currency conversion fees if your account is not in U.S. dollars.
  6. Taxes: Depending on your country of residence, you may have to pay taxes on capital gains or dividends. Some European countries also have a financial transaction tax.

Be sure to read the ETF's prospectus and understand your brokerage's fee structure to get a full picture of potential costs.

What are the Bond Durations?

Bond duration is an essential metric for investors in U.S. Treasuries, providing insights into how sensitive a bond's price is to interest rate changes. U.S. Treasuries come in various durations: Treasury Bills (T-Bills) have maturities under one year, Treasury Notes (T-Notes) range from 3 to 10 years, and Treasury Bonds (T-Bonds) span 20 to 30 years.

If you're investing through Treasury ETFs, these funds often target specific duration ranges. For example, the SPDR Bloomberg Barclays 1-3 Month T-Bill ETF (BIL) is geared towards short-term investments, while the iShares 20+ Year Treasury Bond ETF (TLT) focuses on the long term. Knowing the duration of the bonds in an ETF can help you select a fund that matches your risk tolerance and investment goals.

Bond Durations
Bond Duration and the effects of interest rate changes.

Final Thoughts

In summary, European investors have a straightforward path to investing in U.S. Treasuries through regulated brokerage platforms like eToro, which offer a wide array of Treasury ETFs. By understanding key metrics like bond duration and being aware of fee structures, you can make well-informed decisions to diversify your portfolio with U.S.-backed assets. From the ease of account setup to choosing the right ETFs that match your risk and yield goals, the journey to investing in U.S. Treasuries has been made simple and accessible.